Canada-Ontario Agreement On Great Lakes Water Quality And Ecosystem Health

Annex 1: Nutrients Annex 2: Harmful pollutants Annex 3: Wastewater and storm water Annex 4: Discharges from ships and considering that the Parties recognise the need to address new and persistent threats to water quality and ecosystem health in the Great Lakes, including invasive aquatic species, excessive nutrients, harmful pollutants, discharges from ships, to reinforce climate change and the loss of habitats and species; Canada and Ontario recognize that a new agreement between Canada and Ontario may not be concluded and may not come into force until 2020. If a new Canada-Ontario agreement is not yet in force, if the current agreement comes to an end, our joint work on Great Lakes can continue as we work to conclude the new Canada-Ontario agreement. Whereas the Parties recognize that the Great Lakes region is home to approximately 33 per cent of the Canadian population and is home to seven of the twenty largest Canadian cities and provides direct drinking water to the Great Lakes of more than 10 million Ont.S. inhabitants; Whereas the Parties recognize the close link between Great Lakes water quality and human health, as well as the beneficial effects of the use and enjoyment of healthy Great Lakes on individuals and communities; Canada and Ontario (the Parties) reaffirm that this Agreement is guided by the shared vision of a healthy, prosperous and sustainable Great Lake for present and future generations. Since 1971, a series of Canada-Ontario Great Lakes Agreements (Canada-Ontario Agreements) have enabled both governments to address key Great Lakes challenges with local partners. While these efforts have resulted in dramatic improvements, pollution, climate change and the loss of natural heritage continue to threaten the health of these waterways. and whereas the Parties recognise that the vast majority of public stormwater and wastewater infrastructure in Canada is owned by provincial, territorial or local governments and is therefore responsible for identifying priority actions and projects within their jurisdiction; Whereas the Parties recognize that Canada is responsible for fulfilling its binational obligations under the Canada-United States Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and Ontario expresses its readiness to support Canada in the manner provided for in this Agreement; We want to conclude a new agreement between Canada and Ontario on the restoration, protection and preservation of water quality and ecosystem health in the Great Lakes. . . .