Turkey Russia Agreement Syria

The agreement would effectively preserve some of the territorial gains made by Russian-backed Syrian forces during a three-month offensive in Idlib, the country`s last rebel stronghold, while keeping a Turkish foothold in the region. The United Arab Emirates and Russia supported the Haftar camp in Libya against the Turkish-backed GNA government. [146] The United Arab Emirates has also funded Kurdish forces, including many separatist groups, against Turkey. [147] When the peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates was signed in 2020 in Washington D.C, Russia implicitly supported Israel and the United Arab Emirates` attempt to normalize bilateral relations, while Turkey threatened to sever relations with Israel and the United Arab Emirates. [148] This situation was aggravated during the Karabakh conflict in September 2020, when the United Arab Emirates tacitly supported Armenia against Turkey and Azerbaijan. [149] Previously, the United Arab Emirates had announced that it was beginning to recognize the Armenian genocide. [150] The Emirate of Abu Dhabi was the first emirate to recognize the genocide in April 2019. [151] Turkey on Saturday rejected Russian accusations that it violated de-escalation agreements with Russia and Iran in Syria`s Idlib province and threatened to take military action in the region if diplomatic efforts with Moscow failed. It also animated a controversial debate within Europe on refugees, following Turkey`s abandonment of an earlier agreement with the European Union to stem the flow of migrants into its territory. Greece, through which most Syrian refugees and economic refugees from other countries wish to enter Europe, has closed its eastern border with Turkey and refused to take in refugees. Erdogan probably wanted to stop Assad`s offensive in Idlib and keep territory under his de facto control as part of a 2018 deal brokered by Russia.

Russia wants to restore a balance in the region, which probably reflects the territorial gains of the Syrian army, without rotting its relations with Turkey. Akar said Turkey and Russia were working to make the ceasefire permanent, adding that Ankara and Moscow would establish joint coordination centers to monitor the agreement. You said that the agreement was a ceasefire that would come into force at midnight in Idlib, the last stronghold of the Syrian rebels. The agreement also included joint patrols of Russian and Turkish troops from a seven-mile corridor along a highway through Idlib to the east of the Mediterranean coast towards the border with Iraq. Moscow, for its part, said Turkey was violating the agreement by supporting “illegal armed groups” and accused Turkish forces of mingling with “terrorists” in Idlib. Russian President Vladimir Putin, who is standing alongside his Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan, said he hoped their deal would lead to a halt to military action in Syria`s last major rebel stronghold in the northwest of the country. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres “takes note” of the ceasefire agreement and hopes it will “lead to an immediate and lasting cessation of hostilities that will ensure the protection of civilians in northwestern Syria who have already suffered enormous suffering,” said UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric. Soner Cagaptay, a Turkey expert at the Washington Institute, said the agreement “freezes the conflict on the ground.” “I hope that these agreements will serve as the basis for stopping military activities in the Idlib de-escalation zone (and) will put an end to the suffering of peaceful populations and the growing humanitarian crisis,” Putin said. At a joint press conference after the talks, Putin said the agreement would serve as a “good basis for ending the fighting” in Idlib and “ending the suffering of the civilian population.” Ankara said Russia was not fulfilling part of the agreement that did not guarantee attacks on Idlib and the status quo on the ground.